Cambodia is a Southeast Asian nation bordered by Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, and the Gulf of Thailand. It is known for its ancient temples, including the Angkor Wat complex, which is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Cambodia is also home to a rich culture and history, as well as a diverse landscape of mountains, forests, and plains.
Cambodia has a long and complex history, dating back to the 1st century AD. The Khmer Empire, which ruled over much of Southeast Asia from the 9th to the 15th centuries, was one of the most powerful empires in the region. During this time, the Khmer people built magnificent temples and monuments, such as Angkor Wat.
After the decline of the Khmer Empire, Cambodia was ruled by a number of different dynasties. In 1863, Cambodia became a French protectorate. In 1941, Prince Norodom Sihanouk became king of Cambodia. Cambodia gained independence from France in 1953.
In the 1970s, Cambodia was engulfed in a civil war. In 1975, the Khmer Rouge, a communist regime, took control of the country. The Khmer Rouge regime was responsible for the genocide of an estimated 1.7 million Cambodians.
The Khmer Rouge regime was overthrown in 1979. Cambodia has since been rebuilding, but the country still faces many challenges, including poverty, corruption, and landmines.
Cambodian culture is heavily influenced by Theravada Buddhism. Over 95% of Cambodians are Buddhist. Buddhism plays an important role in Cambodian society and culture.
Cambodian culture is also known for its traditional arts and crafts, such as Khmer dance, music, and painting. Cambodian food is also unique and delicious. Popular dishes include Khmer curry, fish amok, and beef lok lak.
Cambodia is a popular tourist destination, known for its ancient temples, rich culture, and beautiful scenery. The Angkor Wat complex is the most popular tourist attraction in Cambodia. Other popular tourist destinations include the capital city of Phnom Penh, the coastal town of Sihanoukville, and the Cardamom Mountains.
Citizens of most countries need a visa to enter Cambodia. Visas can be obtained online or at Cambodian embassies and consulates around the world.
The official currency of Cambodia is the Cambodian riel (KHR). US dollars are also widely accepted.
Cambodia has a good transportation network, with buses, taxis, and tuk-tuks available throughout the country. There are also international flights to Phnom Penh and Siem Reap (Angkor Wat).
Cambodia has a tropical climate, with hot and humid weather year-round. The rainy season runs from May to October.
Cambodia is generally a safe country to travel in. However, it is important to be aware of petty theft and scams. It is also important to avoid landmine areas.
Tips for visitors
Cambodia is a beautiful and fascinating country with a rich history and culture. It is a great destination for tourists who are interested in ancient temples, culture, and nature.
Official name: Kingdom of Cambodia
Capital: Phnom Penh
Population: 16.7 million (2022)
Currency: Cambodian riel (KHR)
Time zone: UTC+7
Calling code: +855
Official religion: Theravada Buddhism
Government: Constitutional monarchy